Limbu persons are referred to as Yakthungba (refers to a Limbu male) and Yakthungma (refers to a Limbu feminine) in their very own language. Yambechha means a male and menchhuma means a feminine. They are the descendents of the Kirant dynasty of historic Nepal. The Kirant dynasty dominated Nepal from 3102 B.C. to seventh century A.D. as the primary rulers in Nepal.
Historically, till 225 years in the past, the Limbus had their very own territory that was referred to as Lumbuwan earlier than King Prithvi Narayan Shah united the territories that make up present-day Nepal. At current, this space is within the jap a part of Nepal (together with Taplejung, Sankhuwasabha, Panchthar, Ilam, Dhankuta, and Tehrathum and northern components of Jhapa, Morang and Sunsari districts). According to the 2001 Census of Nepal, the inhabitants of the Limbus is 359,371 (1.58% of Nepali inhabitants). Traditionally they’ve been followers of the Kirant faith that may be a sort of animism, a perception that each dwelling and inanimate issues, resembling timber, rivers and mountains possess souls. They have their very own spoken and written Limbu language. LIMBU script is called Sirijanga script.
Historical Social Role of Limbu Women:
Traditional Limbu girls wore sim (it’s 7-yard lengthy materials wrapped as a skirt) with a cholo, a shirt that’s made from regionally hand-woven dhaka materials. Phaee (a protracted material) is wrapped across the waist to tie the sim. They all the time coated their heads with thakhumya (a big scarf) as an adjunct. They liked sporting massive gold and silver ornaments. Limbu girls historically wore a pair of Nesse (a big flat designed gold earrings), a gold mundri as a nostril ring, and a dhungri, a stud nostril decoration. On their fingers, Limbu girls wore gold or silver bangles. Silver kalli had been worn as anklets. They additionally wore completely different sorts of ornaments on completely different events, ceremonies and festivals. Some of those ornaments had been Phangsese (a necklace made from 9 gold beads that are strung with glass beads), Labaphung (a crescent formed gold decoration worn as a hair clip), Namloi or Yogakpa (a big silver necklace), sisiphung or nekkhophung (flower formed gold stud earrings), reji (coin necklaces made from historic silver cash) and Swagep (a gold ring worn on their fingers). Also prior to now Limbu females used to put on Laskari of their ears, 5 or 6 comparable tiny gold rings in a row. You can nonetheless see previous Limbu girls within the villages dressed up on this method. All the sorts of clothes and ornaments girls wore recommend that the Limbu financial system supplied adequately for his or her wants in these days. Traditional Limbu girls regarded very elegant and created a singular id on the earth.
Limbu girls like to bop the Ya-Lang (paddy dance) and Ke-Lang (Limbu conventional drum dance) at formal events like marriages and non secular ceremonies. There can be a dance named Mang Lang (Dev naach-God dance) to have a good time non secular events.
Most of the Limbus are farmers, and plenty of males function Gurkha troopers with international armies (e.g., British, Indian) or as safety personnel in Singapore, Brunei, and Hong Kong. Women assist in farming by working within the fields. They plant rice, harvest the crops and care for the home animals. They additionally convey up youngsters and care for their in-laws as effectively.
My mother used to speak about “pewa” (Pewa is a Limbu phrase, it’s a supply of pocket cash). Limbu dad and mom had been very beneficiant in direction of their single daughters, for they allow them to have personal cash by offering them “pewa”. Some single girls used to personal a few goats or pigs, so they may promote their livestock to get cash to purchase what they wished.
My grandfather gave my mother a few orange timber, from which she may get her pocket cash by promoting oranges within the Dharan market. This enabled her to purchase her personal jewellery or no matter she wanted. In these days, shopping for gold and silver jewellery was a kind of household funding.
This article is about Limbu girls. I mustn’t neglect their connoisseur delicacies. Generally Limbus eat the standard Nepali meal, steamed white rice, dal (lentil soup), tarkary(curry) and aachar(a form of salsa sauce). I want to point out some Limbu connoisseur food- kinema ko achar (fermented soya been pickle), gundruk ko achar or gundruk ko soup ( fermented mustard leaves), yangben (moss that grows on timber), and so on. They additionally a drink a light beverage referred to as tongba (millet beer), consumed particularly bamboo or picket massive containers with tiny bamboo straws).
Limbu girls was once nice fabric-artist entrepreneurs and really onerous working. There wasn’t imported thread accessible for weaving, subsequently they used to develop cotton themselves of their fields. They used to spin thread for weaving after harvesting uncooked cotton and drying it within the solar. Once open a time, “chhitko sari”, woven by Limbu girls, was very fashionable amongst different Nepali girls. They additionally used to weave handloom material referred to as Dhaka. They could be very inventive by arising with completely different sorts of ethnic patterns resembling tanchhokpa (star). They bought that material materials to men and women in different communities, since imported clothes was not available. This sort of conventional weaving has been bequeathed to their feminine descendents. Dhaka materials may be very well-liked now, and you will get Dhaka topis (caps), conventional pachheuras (massive scarves) and Dhaka cholos (blouses). Today, ties and Dhaka kurta-suruwals (pant go well with) are very fashionable. The conventional materials can be utilized in inside ornament for contemporary modern homes; you’ll find it used for cushion covers, curtains, desk runners, tablemats, and so on. This materials can be utilized in boutiques to make uncommon and distinctive designer outfits. Definitely the credit score goes to our moms and grandmothers for passing such abilities down by way of the generations.
Contemporary Limbu Women and Their Social Role:
Today’s Limbu girls usually don’t gown up in conventional garments or put on heavy jewellery. They put on every kind of up to date outfits resembling kurta suruwal, saree and different formal and informal western outfits. Married girls put on conventional Nepalese ornaments resembling Tilhari with sarees and kurta suruwal. Unmarried girls put on gentle jewellery resembling a stud, hoop or dangle earrings, a pendant with a series, gold hyperlink bracelets, a hoop, and anklets with kurta suruwal and western-inspired outfits. Some married girls additionally put on formal Indian impressed gold jewellery too, resembling heavy mangal sutra necklaces and enormous dangly earrings.
Contemporary Limbu society, particularly in city areas, has developed from the village society of 100 years in the past. Modern society has caused a variety of modifications. Limbu girls’s obligations often embody sustaining the house, cooking, caring for youngsters and in-laws, as earlier than, however now additionally embody serving to educate their youngsters and maybe managing a store or pursuing an expert profession outdoors the house. Of course inventory market investments will not be widespread in Nepal. The Limbu girls handle monetary investments in land or property. There are many ladies whose husbands nonetheless work as Gurkha troopers in international international locations. Those girls be taught to handle their lives very effectively by themselves.
Today, some Limbu girls have established careers in each field– in politics, media, enterprise, skilled performing arts, authorized companies, schooling, and the medical career. Some names of Limbu girls who’re lively in numerous fields are talked about under:
Anjana Limbu (Shrestha): Movie Actress, her best-known film is Balidaan
Anupama Subba: Actress within the well-known film “Numafung”
Bishnu Chemjong: The first Lux Nepal Star; she was chosen from 5000 different contestants for her lovely voice.
Jina Lingden: The first Limbu lady pilot
Jayan Subba Manandhar: Choreographer and owns modeling company referred to as Ramp
Kala Subba: Active mannequin, choreographer and Hits FM RJ.
Lila Subba (Shrestha): Member of Nepal’s Parliament.
Pabitra Subba: An established, well-known Nepali singer and actress.
Malvika Subba: Miss Nepal 2002, working with Kantipur telvision as an anchor, and occasion supervisor for the Miss Nepal pageant for two years.
Srijana Subba: Active member of Kirat Yakthung Chumlung and consultant of the Association of Limbu Shamans from Nepal. She is working as a program officer for the NGO-FONIN.
Contemporary Limbu girls are extremely appreciated for his or her unbelievable achievements in a brief interval. Young Limbu girls as we speak, whose moms and grandmothers could also be illiterate or barely literate, might go on to school or acquire specialised coaching for expert employment.
Although there are solely a small variety of Limbu girls in comparison with Nepal’s complete inhabitants, they’re actively concerned in each discipline.