Brooches and Pins
Broaches, or pins, were once a necessity as well as an ornament. Long ago, people used them to keep their clothes in place. Today, buttons, zippers, and hook-and-loop fasteners (Velcro) serve this purpose, and pins are worn primarily as ornaments. In Japan, they still serve both purposes: On ladies' ceremonial kimonos, they decorate and hold folds of clothing I place.
Popular Pin Styles
One of the simplest and oldest pin styles is the stickpin. This straight, long pin typically features and ornamental top with an animal motif or other design, a gemstone, or a cultured pearl. The pin might have a type of safety catch at the other end that grips the pinpoint. Men wear stickpins in ties, whereas women wear them in scarves or lapels. The stickpin was sometimes called a "tie pin", when used for a man's tie.
A tie tack is a more modern design. This detachable ornament, often set with a gem, holds a mans' tie to his shirt by means of a short pin that pierces the tie and fits into a shirt buttonhole. The tie tack secures at the back by a safety catch. The effect is of a gem floating against the tie.
As more women started entering the work force in the 1970's, the brooch became popular as a lapel ornament. Broaches come in a variety of shapes – from circles, geometrics, and free-forms, to flower, bow, and even insect and animal designs. Brooches are common either with or without gems. Their design can be sweet and sentimental or bold and abstract. Some brooches, especially in estate or vintage jewelry, have a dangling cultured pearl, pendant, or tassel. Most brooches fasten to a dress or lapel by means of a pin and safety catch
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