To unlock the jewelcrafting daily you must first complete the quest Finish the Shipment from Timothy Jones in Dalaran. In this article I describe the closest mobs to kill for each quest as well as the lower level alternatives for those who are not level 80 yet. This has been helpful to me as it only takes around 10 minutes per day to complete.
Shipment: Blood Jade Amulet
Combines a Vrykul Amulet, a Dark Jade and a Bloodstone to produce a Blood Jade Amulet to hand in to Timothy Jones. Vrykul Amulet drops from any Vrykul in Northrend. Closest Vrykuls are the ones in Icecrown though you can find level 70-71 mobs in Howling Fjord.
Shipment: Elemental Armor Scrap
Combines an Elemental Armor Scrap, a Bloodstone and a Huge Citrine to produce a Bright Armor Relic to hand in to Timothy Jones. You'll be able to find Elemental Armor Scrap from any revenant in Northrend. There are Ice Revenants south west of Naxxramas (Dragonblight) hanging out around a frozen lake.
Shipment: Glowing Ivory Figurine
Combines Shoveltusk Ivory, a Chalcedony and a Shadow Crystal to produce Glowing Ivory Figurine to hand in to Timothy Jones. Shoveltusk Ivory can be found from any Shoveltusk in Northrend. All the way in Howling Fjord near Nifflevar and New Agamand.
Shipment: Intricate Bone Figurine
Combines a Proto Dragon Bone, a Sun Crystal and a Dark Jade to produce Intricate Bone Figurine to be returned to Timothy Jones. Proto Dragon Bone can be found from any Proto Drake in Northrend. You'll be able to find them in Storm Peaks close to Niffelem but there are lower level ones in the Ember Clutch in Howling Fjord as well.
Shipment: Shifting Sun Curio
Combines a Scourge Curio, a Sun Crystal and a Shadow Crystal to produce Shifting Sun Curio for Timothy Jones. You'll be able find Scourge Curio from any Scourge mob in Northrend. Plenty of them in Icecrown. Throw a rock and hit 3 with the same rock.
Shipment: Wicked Sun Brooch
Combines an Iron Dwarf Brooch, a Huge Citrine and a Sun Crystal to produce a Wicked Sun Brooch for Timoth Jones. Iron Dwarf Brooch drops from any Iron Dwarf in Northrend. In the mountains west of Storm Peaks there are lower level ones in Howling Fjord as well.
These total up to 6 types of Jewelcrafting Daily that will be available to you once your server resets. Although a lot of travel time it's worth it if you're pining to pick up another recipe or just looking to sell the Dragonseye you can purchase using Dalaran Jewelcrafter's Token.